It has been a great pleasure bringing you Hope Spring WaSH roundup. This is probably going to be the last roundup in 2016, I look forward to continuing the roundups in 2017. Wishing you all the best in what is left of 2016.

 

Eight things we know about water and electricity utilities in Africa” by Luis Andres on World Bank blog.

  1. The operation and management of utilities in Sub-Saharan Africa are characterized by big similarities in several business areas, but significant differences in others
  2. Overall, the performance of water and electricity utilities in Sub-Saharan Africa is low, but there are some relatively well-performing utilities on the continent on par with the best performers in other regions.
  3. However, even among the best-performing utilities, performance Vis a Vis the customer is relatively weak.
  4. Well-performing utilities in Sub-Saharan Africa benefit from a strong institutional framework and norms and policies that promote transparency and accountability and protect customer interests.
  5. While not a first choice among approaches, some governments have turned crisis into catalytic opportunities to reform a utility.
  6. Governments are finding innovative ways to balance financial performance with affordability, especially for poor people.
  7. Expanding water and electricity coverage is a priority and can be achieved by making utilities more efficient and targeting investments better.
  8. African cities need substantial investments in water supply networks and production facilities, both for new infrastructure and for the upgrading of existing facilities.

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Photo: Oxfam International

 

Poor service delivery costs women, girls” by Helen Kadirire on Daily News. Women and girls are more affected by water crisis worldwide.

WHO says that for every $1 spent on water and sanitation, there is a $4 economic return. It is a shame that in 2016 millions of people worldwide do not have access to safe water and adequate sanitation.

 

Ghanaians Urged To Ensure Access To Sanitation Facilities In All Households” on NewsGhana.com.gh. WASH partners in Ghana have agreed that the lack of sanitation facilities in households need to stop.

According to the research, only 12% of all households in the region have access to improved sanitation facilities.

 

Overflowing cities: The State of the World’s Toilets 2016” by Water Aid. According to the research, for the first time in history more than 50% of the world’s population live in towns and cities. It means that more people have access to safe water and adequate sanitation.

But even urban population have serious problems:

  • 700 million people are living in urban areas without a basic toilet
  • 100 million out of 700 million urban residents still practice open defecation
  • South Sudan, Madagascar and Congo have the largest population of urban dwellers without safe toilets.

 

Open defecation in India: forcing people to stop is not the solution” by Anil Cherukupalli on The Guardian. The Swachh Bharat Mission aim to stop open defecation by 2019. In India, 560 million people are still practicing open defecation.

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 A CLTS triggering meeting in action in a slum in Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh. Photograph: WaterAid/ Anil Cherukupalli

 

Just preaching against open defecation is not enough. Adequate sanitation and safe toilets need to be built.

 

How can universal sanitation be achieved by 2030? A quick look at potential models to deliver” by Eve MacKinnon, PhD candidate at University College London on Imperialighi blog.

During the #WorldToiletDay many people and organizations worldwide looked at what was done during the past year, to achieving the goal of stopping open defecation.

Slovenia becomes first EU nation to enshrine human right to water in their constitution” on End Water Poverty. Slovenia became the first country in the world to protect people from lack of water, by enshrining it into their constitution.

“It is shocking that in a highly developed country like Slovenia, some Roma communities struggle to collect even a small amounts of water to drink, cook and bathe themselves and their families – FotisFilippou, Amnesty International Deputy Europe Director”.

 

Water Situation Alarming in Gaza” on World Bank blog. In the late 1990s everyone in Gaza could drink safe water. 20 years on, a lot of things have changed. Today only 10% of the population have access to safe drinking water.

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Ahmad Dalloul | Palestinian Water Authority

The World Bank is working to help solve the water problem in Gaza. They started a couple of projects, which was damaged by the ongoing conflict in the region.

 

Overflowing cities: The impact of poor sanitation in urban areas” on WaterAid. More than 700 million people who live in urban areas do not have access to adequate sanitation, over 100 million of them resort to open defecation.

“Nigeria is falling furthest behind in reaching its urban population with a toilet. For every urbanite reached with sanitation since 2000, two were added to the number living without – an increase of 31 million people in the past 15 years.”